Tooth decay is a frequent problem. As indicated by Paola Beltri, president of the Spanish Society of Pediatric Dentistry (SEOP), according to the latest study conducted in Spanish preschool children in 2007, 17.4% of children aged 3 years have tooth decay and it rises to 26.2% in those of 4 years. Sometimes when children have problems in their teeth they do not tell their parents to take it to the dentist, but that does not have to be a problem if you take it with a good dentist in Tijuana
There are parents who think that tooth decay in milk teeth does not need treatment because that tooth is going to be replaced by the definitive tooth. Nothing is further from reality. If milk teeth are lost due to tooth decay before 10-11 years (age when they usually fall by themselves), there is a gap that is closing and the final piece that comes underneath may not find enough space and go crooked or be retained The milk fangs fall between 10 and 13 years and it is also convenient that they do not get lost before. In addition, according to Paola Beltri, baby teeth fulfill a series of functions that will be affected if they are not kept healthy in the child’s mouth: they are important for nutrition, since they are responsible for crushing food; and chewing plays a very important role in the development of the muscles of the face; they also influence the development of speech, in the pronunciation of certain phonemes. “They also have an aesthetic importance, which affects the child’s self-esteem. On the other hand, caries is an infectious disease, which can cause pain, the presence of abscesses, phlegmon and even generalized infections, “warns the specialist.
How is anesthesia applied in the child?
To perform most dental treatments it is necessary to anesthetize the tooth. “Only in exceptional cases is it not necessary to put anesthesia, we can not forget that only the enamel, that is to say the outermost part of the tooth, does not have nerve endings and therefore is insensitive. In an adult we can start the treatment without anesthesia and warn him that if it bothers him we will put anesthesia, but in a child, if you hurt him, it will hardly help, “explains Beltri. Before administering anesthesia with a needle, a local anesthetic is applied in the area, usually in the form of a gel and with a pleasant taste for children, for example banana.
“Pediatric dentists use” behavior management techniques “, is the most important part of the child’s dental treatment. These techniques must be adapted to each child, depending on age and maturity, “says the specialist. That is why it is so important to go to a pediatric dentist, since he knows the necessary techniques to calm the child, give him confidence and security, and avoid that the treatment hurts him.