A guide to the symptoms, causes and treatment of Kidney Pain

Kidney pain can occur due to an injury, enlargement of the kidney, infection or inflammation. Pain from the kidneys incline in the lower back or the flank region, just under the ribs and it can extend up to your testicles. Pain due to arthritis, muscle strain or spinal problems can be mistaken for some problem in the kidneys. Infection in the kidney and kidney stones are the root cause of kidney pain.

Kidney infection is accompanied by different symptoms like urinary infection, burning during urination, repeated need to urinate, bloody urine, fever and nausea. The pain due to kidney stones tends to come and go. Conditions like kidney cancer, polycystic kidney disease and enlargement of uterus develop mostly without any pain. Kidney bleeding might be one of those causes of fast enlargement of kidney but it is easier to detect as it is mostly related to trauma. Damage to the kidney due to a blocked artery is an uncommon cause of pain in the kidneys.

Kidney Pain Causes:

PaiPain in the kidneys basically arises from an infection or injury and the common results of kidney pain include bloody urine and pus, fever, and infection in the urinary tract. However, any such infection doesn’t always lead to pain, making it hard to detect in the initial stage. Bleeding in the kidney due to trauma, or any other reason, is another cause of kidney pain. Some other reasons that lead to pain in the kidneys include polycystic kidney disease, horseshoe kidney, kidney cancer and a lack of blood flow due to arteriosclerosis of the arteries leading to the kidneys.

Another major cause for this pain is the development of a kidney stone, which is also known as renal colic. If a patient has developed kidney stone, the resulting pain is severe and hard to tolerate.

Kidney stones block the flow of urine and due to the pressure of the fluid inside the urinary tract and the kidney the patient starts to have acute kidney pain. However, pain isn’t a justified symptom of a growing kidney disease as there are chances to have severe flank pain and urinary tract infection without the kidney pain.

Kidney Pain Symptoms:

One of the major symptoms of a problem and ache in the kidney is an intolerable pain in the back region. Generally, kidney pain is accompanied by so many other symptoms that it becomes nearly impossible for a patient to differentiate between pain in the kidney and other forms of pain that are associated with the same cause.

Basic symptoms of pain in the kidneys are as follows:

  • Decreasing count of red blood cells
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Very little urine formation
  • Swelling in legs and feet
  • Less appetite
  • Decreased Mental Sharpness
  • Hiccups
  • Itching
  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue
  • Vomiting, Feverish and Nausea
  • Restlessness and queasy
  • Pain in the lower back

Kidney Pain Info-graphic

Kidney Pain Infographics

Kidney Pain Types and Location:

The types and the location of the pain are usually related to each other. Pain resulting from a kidney stone is commonly felt in the flank region, lower abdomen and the groin region. The pain can last from 20 to 60 minutes depending on the severity of the problem. Sometimes a tube is placed in the urinary tract to pass through the problem area and hence lessen the pain, while also assessing the actual cause.

Another type of pain is the pyelonephritis pain, which is usually accompanied with fever, increased heart rate, painful urination, abdominal pain diversifying to the back and tenderness at the angle of the affected side.

Pain due to renal colic is basically felt in the flank region. This type of pain, which arises due to kidney stone, is intense and doesn’t mostly go undiagnosed. While pain might be felt throughout the day or only for a couple of hours each day, most patients with a problem in the kidney feel pain while urinating.

Kidney Pain Relief:

One of the main causes of pain in the kidneys is Pyelonephritis and to avoid it one should take the following precautionary steps:

  • Have adequate amount of water
  • Avoid curbing urinating urges
  • Emptying your bladder at regular intervals
  • Practicing safe sex and hygiene

For the kidney stone pain relief the cure can be:

  • By medication and drugs
  • Diuretics to wash away water and small stones
  • A surgery, if the stone size is larger
  • Lithotripsy, one more way to remove the stone

In addition, you can also exercise regularly, which gives your body the much deserved physical activity. Also try and reduce salt consumption and rather eat a healthy meal, which contains a lot of fruits, vegetables and grains. Also try to keep a check on your weight and stop eating junk food, which is hard to digest.

Another excellent way to keep your kidneys in good health is to limit the use of alcohol tobacco. As an added suggestion, cranberry juices are one remedy to deal with kidney ache.

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